Title: Count and Baron
Title in succession: 9th
Date created: 1770 and 1775
Grant: EMPRESS OF AUSTRIA in her kingdom and
all her Provinces of Italy
Granted To: Giorgio Fournier de
Rep: Sant Fournier
Remainder to: his male descendants in order of
Present Holder: Stephen Sant Fournier C.I.S.A, KCN
Note: First styled as Baron in 1770 as
Baron De Pausier, to be later granted Count in 1775.
Titles not formerly recognised by the Royal Commission
of 1878: Baron
The Most Noble Count
Alfred Charles Sant Fournier
8th Count Fournier (Forever in our hearts - Picture taken
The Family Fournier were Merchants from France
with ancient lineage, having direct connections with the
Papacy Avignon back in the 15th century with Pope Benedict
XII (r1332-42) formerly Jacques Fournier.
Pope Benedict XII
"You have elected a jackass!" cried Jacques Fournier when to
his astonishment he found that he had been elected on the
first ballot. But the self-styled jackass was actually the
outstanding theologian in the college of cardinals. Jacques
Fournier was born at Saverdun in Southern France. He became
a Cistercian monk, studied theology at Paris, and rose to be
of Pamiers and later of Mirepoix. John XXII made him a cardinal
in 1327 and depended upon his theological knowledge in the
struggles which marked that Pontiff's stormy
reign. Elected unanimously on the first ballot, Jacques
chose the name Benedict XII.
At first Benedict toyed with the idea of going back to Rome.
From the Eternal City came urgent invitations. But Romans were
still turbulent and Avignon was quiet and pleasant. Far from
leaving, Benedict began to build that huge fort of a palace
which is the landmark of the Avignon exile.
Since Benedict had been a fervent monk, the "spiritual"
Franciscan minority hoped that the new Pope would be more
favorable to them. But Benedict was a great lover of
obedience and orthodoxy, and he soon showed the
friars that the monk Pope had much the same ideas as his canon
lawyer predecessor. He worked hard to reform religious
orders. One outstanding measure was his determined effort
to get wandering monks and friars back into cloister. A
number of maladjusted religious had been roaming the
roads seeking adventure and, of course, giving no end of
Benedict did his best to shepherd this wandering flock back into
the fold. He enacted other measures which helped the
Benedictines, and in general did a lot to check abuses and
foster regularity in religious houses.
Benedict also tried to reform the abuses which were creeping
into the Roman court, and he gave to all a shining example
of detachment by his steady refusal to enrich his
relatives. He loved peace so much that he declared that he would
not fight even to preserve the papal kingdom. When the storm
clouds which warned of the coming Hundred Years' War
loomed, Benedict exerted himself to dissipate them.
Pro-French he may have been to the extent of creating a great
majority of French cardinals, but when war threatened, he showed
himself a truly impartial peacemaker. Unfortunately he succeeded
only in postponing the terrible war.
Benedict XII has been praised by some of his contemporaries and
harshly criticized by others. This is not strange, for he
was a pious man and an earnest reformer. These Reforms
tread on toes and caused anguished outcries.
Besides, Petrarch did not like Benedict because he would not
come back to Rome, and the fight with Louis the Bavarian
still went on. History has done justice to this holy and learned
Pope. If only he had any weaknesses, it was in the
field of diplomacy. His simple monastic outlook was ill-tuned to
the complexities of high policy.
Benedict XII died on April 25, 1342.
Excerpted from "Popes Through the Ages" by Joseph Brusher, S.J.
version copyright @ 1996 New Advent, Inc.
The Fournier's held titles in Southern France, dating back to
Hugh Capet in the 10th Century. Many descendants may claim
lineage through this family who travelled in search of a
fortune. One descendant 'Geronimo Fournier' a Merchant
(mercante di drappi con bottega aperta sposo' Marilhena) in
the Mediterranean Sea with 'The Duchy of Savoy',
Grand Ducal of Tuscany, the Papal States, Duchy of Parma
and the Kingdoms of Sardinia and the Two Sicilies
(Including the Isles of Malta). Here Geronimo Fournier
eventually settled and made Malta a base to expand his business
to Africa, and later the Ottoman Empires.
Upon coming of age , his son Lazzaro Fournier already commanded
a fleet, and a Merchant who later went to France and
married Ariete de Pausier ', an heiress from another Merchant
family in Southern France. Great success soon followed as the
fleet of his merchant ships grew, and their son was sent to
be educated in the Austrian Army (Tuscany) along with several
other young Maltese (a future brother in-law to Salvatore
A successful career followed in the Austrian Army as promotions
to Captain (together with those of his brother in-law), and
who would also marry his best friend's sister Aloisea Sant
in 1733, who later had a large family.
Giorgio Fournier's career in the Austrian army flourished, with
many heroic adventures and successes, thereby acquiring his
Noble title from Empress Maria Theresia of Austria, Queen
of Hungary, Bohemia.... with the title of 'Barone de
in her Italian Provinces on 31st March 1768 at Vienna,
This title was granted to his legitimate male descendants in
order of primogeniture, and which title was an honour to a man
of such talent and efforts in the wars against France and
When Despuig became Grand Master in 1736 Giorgio Fournier was
nominated 'Alfiere della Cavalleria'. However, many
prominent persons who were not titled, but occupied similiar
posts were listed on the roll of Valetta. Amongst these we
find the Fournier brothers, Giuseppe and Lazzaro, who were both
'Luogotenente' of the Zebbug Regiment. The fact that most of the
Nobility were patent holders may have been another reason
why they were not included in the Ruolo, although a
number of clerics are mentioned. In fact, the only four
prominent families enrolled in the Ruolo were the Fournier,
Crispo, Alessi, and Marchesi, all of whom were ennobled after
the list was drawn up. Upon retirement and finally
returning to Malta, Giorgio Fournier was presented with an
Honour of appreciated to the title of Count Fournier de Pausier
on the 29th of January, 1770 at Vienna with remainder to his
descendants in the order of primogeniture. That same year
of 1770 his brother in-law, Salvatore Baldassare Sant was
also created Count Sant and remainder to his male descendants
in the order of primogeniture for services to Her Imperial
Armies of Austria.
Count Giorgio Fournier was granted permission to use the title
of Count Fournier at the chancellery of the order of St
John on the year 1775 with full recognition. In 1776, Baron
Fournier requested Lante to be relieved of his office within the
tribunal of the Inquisition, as he and his family had decided to
emigrate to France.
The next successor was Giorgio's son Lazzaro, who
held the family business in Merchant shipping and set up an
Office in Valletta. During the last Grand Master's reign in
Malta, he was exiled with his father the Count from Malta, with
the 'association to the Freemasons'. Lazzaro left Malta followed
by his father until the French had invaded Malta, and then was
invited back. During the up rise against the French, the Count
Fournier had his house and goods confiscated and was banished
from the city on the pretext of his brothers as an
insurgent leader. This is strange as the Fournier's
had always been loyal to the French and had entrusted with
the first dispatch to the King of Naples, only one month
Being of French descent, the Fournier's were part of the high
society and held high positions during the French reign in
Malta, considered a traitor by the Maltese during this period.
The family flourished during this period, with Lazzaro's younger
brother Gaetano holding the Merchant shipping business in
France, and Lazzaro in Malta. Gaetano married into French
nobility in France, his sisters Diane, marrying a Sicilian
Barone in Licata and Anne marrying a Frenchman while in
exile during the last period of the Knights of Malta.
Count Lazzaro Fournier, married in Malta , to the Last 'Capitano
della Verga' of Malta's niece, Modesta Gauci-Azzopardi
grandaughter of the 1st Barone di Buleben and descendant of the
Ancient noble family of Cuzkeri. The Cuzkeri, an ancient
spelling, are descendants to much of the Maltese-Sicilian
nobility and Royalty. This connection creating a link to
'ancient' noble blood to a new noble family in Malta.
Thus only providing an heiress to the title and family fortune,
Luigia Fournier, who succeeded as the 'de-jure' Countess
Fournier de Pausier and married the second son of the 2nd
Count Sant (a second cousin). Baldassare dei Conti Sant, a
Lord Lieutenant of Mdina, and brother of the Archbishop of
Malta. Baldassare's marriage provided a new legacy to the Sant
Fournier families, uniting two noble families in blood, and
creating a new family. All 'SANT FOURNIER' are descendants
of this union.
Baldassare dei Conti Sant was the son of the 2nd Count Sant and
the 7th Baroness of Ghariexem e Tabia, (very wealthy
heiress with lots of Estates). The Sants, later to be known
as Sant Cassia's or Sant Fournier's or Sant
Manduca and Sant Barbaros were one of the
richest families in Malta. The wealth held was beyond belief by
A note, the Sant's were divided into several
families, as mentioned above. The only family extinct in a male
line are the Sant Barbaro's.
Baldassare's mother was also from an ancient lineage, with
connections from all Noble and landed gentry of Malta. There are
several noted royal connections through this
The next holder was the son of Countess Luigia and Baldassare
Sant Fournier, Lazzaro Sant Fournier succeeded as the 4th Barone
de Pausier in Italy and 4th Count in Malta. Invested as a
Knight of the Order of Charles III of Spain and was one of
the wealthiest men in Malta.
The struggles of the Royal Commission started in Malta, where
all titles had to be presented to the H.M. Government who
later finally granted permission of the title of Count
Fournier on the 30th of April, 1878. Thus providing
recognition in the British Empire. But the title of Barone de
Pausier was not acknowledged by the British Royal
Commission. (Note: The title of Barone de Pausier was created in
the Austrian Italian kingdoms, the descendants still carry
this title today, as they still have the LEGAL and ANCIENT
RIGHT to retain such title).
Lazzaro Sant Fournier first married in 1838 to Adelaide dei
Baroni Testaferrata Abela, the daughter of the Fifth Barone
di Gomerino and his third wife, 'the Contessa Buzzi-Rainier
di Velletri'. From this union came several children,
Aloisia, Clotilde, Calcidone, and 2 other children. Their
daughter married into Spanish and Maltese Nobility.
Lazzaro Sant Fournier, died in 1898, living a life of change
under the British.
Alfred Sant Fournier, succeeded as the 5th Count and Barone for
only a few years. Alfred was fortunate to travel to London
to attend the coronation of King Edward VII in 1902, as a
member of the Maltese Nobility. He married in
1869 to a Maltese-Italian Banking and Noble family providing the
family with a Bank to their realms, and many other priceless
treasures. Olga dei Conti Tagliaferro eventually became the sole
heiress to the Tagliaferro Banking House.
Alfred had three sons (Hugo, Edward and Charles), Hugo and
Edward were twins, though Hugo being the elder of the
twins, was unable to hold title due to his poor condition,
the title remain dormant until his death in 1910, when his
younger twin, Edward succeeded as the 6th Count (twin
Edward, married Esther Testaferrata Bonici Ghaxaq dei Marchese
Testaferrata di San Vincenzo Ferreri e dei Baroni Qlejjgha,
the daughter of the 6th Marchese and 5th Baron. From this
connection, providing many connections to most of the
present Maltese nobility
Edward died in 1951 and was succeeded by his son Alfred, as the
7th Count Fournier.
Alfred married in 1935 to Eileen Donovan............from Cork
Ireland, and had 4 children, Marie, Eileen, and two twins Alfred
Marie the eldest married to Dr. Philip Attard Montalto, and had
four children, Edward, Patricia, Victoria and Deborah. Eileen
married to Chev. A. Busietta and had 3 children, Hadrian jr.,
Rowena and Fiona. Anthony de Conti Fournier married to Elisabeth
nee' Anastasi and had three children, Alexander, Christian and
Alfred died in 1973, a year before the Republic of Malta was
installed, and succeeded by his son also Alfred, as the 8th
Count Fournier and the 8th Baron de Pausier born on the 7th
October 1944, and had six children. Alfred and Anthony were
twins, but Alfred was the eldest, born 15 minutes earlier at
11.45 whilst Anthony was born at 12.00. All brothers and sisters
lived under the terrible times of the 70's and 80's (known
better as the dark years), both brothers went to various schools
and colleges and Alfred was widely respected by many of his Bank
colleagues. Alfred worked for the National Bank of Malta for 5
years and later (after the Scandal takeover by Dom Mintoff) with
the Bank of Valletta for 18 years. He died 31st December 2002 at
an untimely age of 58.
His eldest son succeeded him the 20th September 2003, as the 9th
Count Fournier et Barone de Pausier.
Partly researched until the 6th Count Fournier by
C. Said Vassallo, 7th of October, 2000 and updated 28 March
A Genealogical Account of the Counts Fournier
Jacobo-Guiliame de Fournier,
Sire de Fournier e la Chapelle. (c1570-1640) of
Haute-Loire, France, with issue.
Giorgio-Benedict de Fournier. - See
de Fournier, Sire de la Chapelle. (a female descendant had
married a illegitimate descendant of King Louis XIV - the
Sun King of the 18th century).
Giorgio-Benedict Fournier of Haute-Loire, Sire de
Fournier, France (died 1672), married with issue.
Fournier, Barone de Fournier, (1632-., married Isabella
Elizabeth Eynard., with issue.
Guilliame, Baron de Fournier, (1678-1752)., married Marguerite
Bourleyre., with issue
1.1.1. Anne de Fournier., (1742-.
Marie de Fournier, (1743-.
Pierre de Fournier., (1745-61)., Barone de Fournier.,
Francoise de Fournier., (1747-1807)., married Jean
Anne de Fournier., (1751-80).
Pierre de Fournier., (1753-. Barone de Fournier.
Louis-Benedict de Fournier, Sacerdot in Aviginon, France. dunm
3. Charles-Henri de Fournier., Moved to London, England, then
settled in Pfalz, Germany., married Marguerite Brifau., with
de Fournier., (Born in London, England.)., married 1663 at
Pfalz, Germany to Marguerite Bourguin., Married 1673 at Pfalz,
Germany to Marie du Rieu., with issue.
de Fournier., (1673-.
de Fournier., (1674-.
de Fournier., (1677-.
de Fournier., (1680-.
de Fournier., (1683-.
de Fournier., (1685-1757)., married at Pfalz, Germany to
Catherine Bodin., with issue.
de Fournier., (1719-74)., married (his cousin) Rachel de
Fournier., with issue.
Josias de Fournier., (1749-1808)., married Frederique Urbain.
de Fournier., (1688-1738)., married Rachel Harant., with
de Fournier., (1728-., married Sara Septsous., with issue.
de Fournier., (1753-1817)., married Marthe Loge., with issue.
de Fournier., (1800-74)., married Henrietta Ernestine Mathis.,
de Fournier., (1832-., married Charles William Coste.
Davide de Fournier., (1838-.
Rachel de Fournier., married her cousin Josias de
Geronimo Fournier, -
Fra. Giacomo de Fournier, Knight of the Order of St John, dunm
Geronimo Fournier of Aviginon, Sire de Fournier (Shared
with his elder brother), France, Merchant of Trapani,
Settled in Malta as a base to the Mediterranean Sea
trade. married 1672 to Madeliene
Preziosi-Poussieghes. (See Preziosi for ancestry)
1. Giorgio-Benedict de Fournier., (1672-98) dunm
Lazzaro Fournier- See Below.
3. Marchesa Rosa Fournier, married 1696 to Giuseppe Rola,
Lazzaro Fournier, married 1705 to Arietta de Pausier,
(Daughter of Giuseppe de Pausier, Merchant of France and
1. Giorgio Fournier, 1st Count Fournier and 1st Barone de
2. Aloiseo Fournier, married to Anna Borg, with issue
2.1. Mattia Fournier, married 1758 Porto Salvo, Valletta, to
Francesco Calleja, ("del Luogo detto Bousett" of Marseglia).
3. Giovanni Fournier, married (1) 1727 Porto Salvo, Valletta
to Teresa Stellons. Married (2) 1734 Porto Salvo, Valletta
to Caterina Caruana Mallia.
Giorgio Fournier, 1st Conte Fournier (Cr:1770 in
the Austrian Empire), Ist Barone de Pausier, (Created 1768
in the Austrian Empire). Married 1733 to Aloisea
Sant, (The Sister of the First Count Sant), with
1. Lazzaro Fournier, 2nd Conte-See Below.
2. Gaetano Fournier, (1738-..), married 1775 to Clothilde
Durante (Dorell), (See
de Vaccaro) with issue
2.1. Caterina Fournier,
2.2. Margherita Fournier
2.3. (illegitimate) Aloiseo
Brignone, married 1771 to Antonia
Bagari, with issue
2.3.1. Gaetano Brignone, married 1814 to Sylvia Gatt, with
18.104.22.168. Charlotte Brignone, married 1859 Southampton,
England to Lieut. Edward Somerville (of the Somerville
Baronets of England), R.M.A, with issue
3. Diane Fournier, (1736-..), married 1772 to Don
Alessandro de Platamone, Noble of Licata, Governor of
Licata, with issue.
3.1. Flora de Platamone, married 1801 to Signor Don. Angelo
Pileri., with issue.
4. Annuzationa Fournier, (1733-86), married 1776 to Gaetano
5. Peppino Fournier, (1741-87). Knight of the Order of St
6. Franca Fournier, (1744-..), dunm.
7. (illegitimate or Slave!) Giovanna de Fournier (Noted as
"Manumesio" View Adami Collection Vol:19, pp. 149), married
1767 at San Paolo, Valletta to Michelangelo di Giovanni.
(Also a "Manumesio").
Lazzaro Fournier, 2nd Conte Fournier, Married to Modesta
Gauci Azopardi, with issue.
1. Luigia Fournier, 3rd Contessa-See Below.
Luigia Fournier, (died 1858), 3rd Contessa Fournier, Married
1811 to Baldassare dei
Conti Sant, with issues
1. Lazzaro Sant Fournier,4th Count-See Below.
2. Giorgio dei Conti Sant Fournier LL.D ( 1817-, Married to
Paolina dei Marchese
2.1. Emmanule Sant Fournier ( 1850- , married to Filomena
De Bono , with issue.
2.2. Luigia Sant Fournier ( 1856-, married 1886 to Amabile
dei Baroni Attard-Montalto
2.3. Gwendoleon Sant Fournier ( 1863- , married to Edward
2.4. Emilia Sant Fournier ( 1865- , married 1886 to Achilles
dei Baroni Attard-Montalto
2.5. Maria Sant Fournier ( 1874-, married NN England, with
issue. (England-Sant Fournier)
Lazzaro Sant Fournier ( 1813-98), 4th Count Fournier,
married 1838 to Adelaide
Testaferrata-Abela dei Baroni di Gomerino, with
1. Alfred Sant Fournier, 5th Count-See Below.
2. Clara dei Conti Sant Fournier, married Saverio
dei Conti Manduca
3. Giula dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1844-, married firstly to
Jose de Lavelle, Count of Premio Real, married secondly to Eliodoro
dei Marchese Barbaro
Alfred Sant Fournier ( 1840-1903), 5th Count Fournier,
married 1869 to Olga dei
Conti Tagliaferro, with issue
1. Hugo Sant Fournier ( 1871-1910) Contino Fournier, dsp
2. Edward Sant Fournier, 6th Count-See Below.
3. Mary dei Conti Sant Fournier (1869-, married to Capt.
Francis Lawson (died 1914)
3.1. Gladys Lawson-Sant Fournier, (1895-
3.2. Elsie Lawson-Sant Fournier, (1897-
4. Carlo dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1875-,. Married to
Carmela Abela-Pulis (Sister of Marchioness Scicluna), with
4.1. Guido Sant Fournier (1911 - 1987), married Vera Vallone
4.1.1. Charles Sant Fournier ( 1951- , married to Mary Anne
4.1.2. James Sant Fournier 1955 married to Diane Pace
Decesare, with issue
22.214.171.124. Fabien (born 3 February 1983
126.96.36.199. Solange Corinne (born 18 December 1984
4.2. Hugh Sant Fournier ( 1913-, married to Gwendolyn Wood,
4.2.1. Robert Sant Fournier ( 1941-
4.2.2. Michelle Corinne Sant Fournier ( 1945- , married in
1969 to Geoffrey Howard Minter, Laird of Sandside.
4.3. Mary Sant
Fournier, married Milovan Micovic, with issue.
Edward Sant Fournier ( 1871- 1951),6th Count Fournier,
married in 1906 to Esther
dei Marchese Testaferrata-Bonici ( - 1951)
1. Alfred Sant Fournier ( 1911-73), 7th Count-See
Alfred Sant Fournier ( 1911-73), 7th Count Fournier, married
in 1935 to Eileen Donovan
1. Alfred Sant Fournier, 8th Count Fournier - See
2. Anthony dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1944- , married in
1968 to Elisabeth Anastasi with issue,
2.1. Christian Sant Fournier ( 1974-
2.2. Alexander Sant Fournier ( 1977-
2.3. Edward Sant Fournier ( 1980-
3. Marie dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1936- , married in 1958
to Dr Phillip
Attard-Montalto LL.D, with issue. (See Benwarrad)
3.1 Patricia Attard Montalto has issue
married to Thomas Vadala
3.2 Victora Attard Montalto has issue married to Dr. David
3.3 Edward Attard Montalto has issue and married to
3.4 Deborah Attard Montalto married .....
Eileen Dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1938 . , married (Sep.)
in 1958 to Adrian Busietta, with issue.
4.1. Hadrian Busietta, (1965- Deirdre and has
4.2. Rowena Busietta, ( 1959-, married 1981 to Simon Mamo
and has issue.
4.3. Fiona Busietta, ( 1961- married to Steve Cachia (Sep.)
and has issue
* Alfred Sant Fournier,(1944-2002), 8th Count Fournier,
Barone de Pausier (See Foreign Titles Section),
Married in 1964 to Gladys Meli-Bugeja, (See Maltese
Families-Cassar Torreggiani), with issue
1. Stephen Sant Fournier ( 1965 - , 9th Count Fournier de
Pausier and Baron de Pausier CISA KCN) married to Rita Anne
Mary Mackay (Scotland) with issue
1.1 Tyler Sant Fournier (1997 -
1.2 Connor Sant Fournier (1999 -
2. Simon dei Conti Sant Fournier, M.B.A ( 1972- Acknowledged
as the Count Tagliaferro married 2007 to Diane Fenech with
2.1 Gregory (2009
2.2 Emma Marie (2012
2.3 Henry (2018
3. Sean dei Conti Sant Fournier B.A et de Baroni de Pausier et
Conte Sant (1977- , married 2006 to Dr.Claudanne Zammit BA
3.1 Isaac (2011
3.2 Eli (2015
4. Silvana dei Conti Sant Fournier, M.B.A, ( 1967-, married to
Matthew Sultana with issue
4.1. Kurt Sultana, (2001-
4.2. Amie Sultana, (2004-
5. Sarah Psaila dei Conti Sant Fournier ( 1969-, Married to
Mark Psaila with issue
5.1. Michaela Psaila, (1998-.
5.2. Sasha Psaila, (2004-.
6. Sandra dei Conti Sant Fournier, Notary Public ( 1980 -
married to Omar Magri withg issue
6.1 Eli (2015
6.2 Jack (2017
* Count Stephen Sant Fournier, 9th Count
Fournier & Baron de Pausier, married 1995 to Rita Anne
Mary Mackay (Scottish title) with issue.
Knight Commander of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order
of St.George, Knight Commander of the Order of Georgia,
Knight of St.Michael of the Wing (Portugal) and President of
the Catenian Association.
1) Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy and Heraldry of the
Noble Families of Malta", Gulf Publishing Ltd, Malta, 1981.
2) Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy and Heraldry of the Noble Families
of Malta, Volume Two", Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG)
3) Gauci,C.A and Mallet, P.,"The Palaeologos Family- A
Genealogical Review" ,Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG)
4) Gauci, C.A.," A Guide to the Maltese Nobility", Publishers
Enterprise Group (PEG) Ltd, Malta, 1986.
5) Montalto, J., "The Nobles of Malta-1530-1800", Midsea Books
Ltd, Malta, 1980.
6) De Piro, N., "Casa Rocco Piccola", The Conde' Nast
Publications 1999.' Http://www.vol.net.mt/casarocca '
7) Giles Ash, S., "The Nobility of Malta", Publishers
Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd, 1988.
8) Said Vassallo, C.M., Unpublished research papers.
9) Said Vassallo, C.M., Maltagenealogy.com Research site.
10) Sant Fournier S, "Unpublished Materials from Archives of the