Title in succession: 8th
Date created: 1770
Grant: Maria Theresia , Empress of Austria, Queen
of the Kingdoms in Italy
Grant by: Maria Theresa Empress of Austria and all her
Granted To: Salvatore Baldassare Sant
Rep: Sant (Jurat of Notabile)
Remainder to: his male descendants in order of Primogeniture
Present Holder: J.A Sant Cassia (Never registered with the Comm. of
Other related titles: Gheriexem and Tabia
Further notes: UK
A modern creation into Nobility , the Family of Sant were
ennobled in Vienna in 1770 by Maria Theresia , Empress of Austria, Queen
of the Kingdoms in Italy, with the remainder to his male descendants in
order of Primogeniture.
Salvatore Baldassare Sant , Nobilis
melitensis was created a Count by Maria Theresia, Empress of Austria, and
Queen of Hungary and Bohemia-in recognition of the 'heroic deeds of his
ancestors' who has occupied many important offices and had also
accompanied King Ferdinand I and Emperor Charles V in naval expeditions
against the African corsairs and the Ottoman invaders. This grantee was,
however, requested by the Empress to purchase a fief in Lombardy, and to
pay the dues of 3000 florins to the crown for his title.
Baldassare Sant, a Jurat of Notabile . His Family can trace their
Ancestors back to a Bertu Sant in the Late 16th Century. They herald from
Naxxar, Malta about the 16th century, but was given land by his
Nicola Santu, the illegitimate son of Don Nicola Sayd and
an Ethopian slave. The surname of Santu comes from Santi, the residence
where Don Nicola Sayd had resided amongst other places. Nicola Santu was
granted freedom along with his mother and siblings, and later became an
Arbitant in Casal Lia and resided in Ghargur, Malta. The founder of the
Name-sake Sant and the ancestor of the Counts Sant and Fournier and
ancestor of much of the nobility in Malta. References: Notary Vincenzo
Cagega, 29th of December 1536."Manumission of slave":
Nicola Sayd gave liberty upon his death to one of his slaves and her
children, who took the name of "Antonia Santu" upon Baptism. With their
freedom, a house in Ghargur was provided and 2 turmi of land in that
Antonia was purchased about 1530 amongst other slaves of
The Barons Pisani and Galea-Feriol,
Marquis Testaferrata and Count Sant were the first titled Jurats ever to
serve together in 1776.
Salvatore had married to a Maria Antonia
Ciantar-Gimbert (a descendant of the Sceberras , de Guevara, Spanish
Nobility, and King Henry II of Castile (r1366-79).
their Children married into the Maltese Nobility (3rd Marquis di San
Vincenzo Ferreri , 1st Marquis di Fiddien and a dei Conti Magro di Susa
The 2nd Count Sant, Gio Francesco Sant married into
Nobility in the year 1777, to Chiara Bonici-Platamone-Cassia, 7th Baroness
di Ghariexem e Tabia. (see House of Cassia History), and sired several
One of them , Rev Publio Maria Sant became the
Archbishop of Malta (r1847-57).
Another son married an
heiress (Countess Fournier) and adding to their name Fournier, (see
Fournier for full details of the descendants).
son of the 2nd Count married to a daughter of the Marquis di San Giorgio
and their descendants uses the surnames of Sant-Manduca, or Sant-Barbaro.
(Note: The descendants of Sant-Manduca are from this
Gio' Francesco Sant, 2nd Count was born 1748 and
purchased large amount of property in Valletta, such as Casa Rocca Grande,
Casa Rocco Piccola, Palazzo Messina, and Palazzo Marina. An astute
businessman and a survivor, he led the Maltese aristocracy in the burning
of their patents of nobility during the French occupation. Three of his
sons were selected for education in France, but manage to buy them out. He
was inside Valletta during the seige. Sant had been a Capitano della Verga
under the Order, then a Lord Lieutenant under Sir Alexander Ball to whom
he would eventually present the sword of Honour.
Gio Francesco Sant
was succeeded by his eldest son , Luigi (1778-1867).
Sant Cassia, became 3rd Count Sant and 8th Baron di Ghariexem e
He too continued the newly established tradition of
marrying into the nobility.
Luigi married in 1805 to Angela
dei Marchesi Testaferrata-Olivier (also a noble
Luigi was made a Companion of the Order of St
Michael and St George for his service to the British in Malta.
was the first in his line to use the name of 'Sant-Cassia'. He was
renowned for his wealth, but his reputation was exaggerated. He quarreled
with his father who left much of the family wealth to his other sons, and
keep a chapel in the Palazzo Rocco Grande.
Under the French
occupation, the parents had to pay 800 livres for their sons' board and
lodging, and 600 livres for their passage on board French warships. The
chosen students had to wear 'blue trousers and waistcoats, red cuffs, and
facing and white pipings'. Those families who refused to send their sons
to France were to be fined 1000 scudi. Among those who were initially
chosen were the young Count Fontani, the three sons of Count Sant, and
four other boys whose fathers were respectively Baron Galea, Marquis
Mallia, Count Manduca, and Marquis Testaferrata.
Luigi , died in
1867 and was briefly succeeded by his son Gio Francesco Sant Cassia
(1806-78) as 4th Count Sant and 9th Baron di Ghariexem e Tabia, married in
1830 to a Giovanni Rosa Apap-Bologna dei Marchesi di Gnien-Is-Sultan.
He had an unhappy marriage, and his wife
Giovanna Rosa left him and 'escaped' to Floriana.
Gio Francesco Led an
unusual life, extra marital affairs in his life with both sexes. Though he
is remembered as the hero of the poor (especially in the country and
around his properties) and traveled to Europe regularly.
Francesco , died in 1878, and succeeded by his son, Giovanni
Giovanni Sant Cassia married in 1883 to a Maria
Anna Galea (a Descendant of the Barons of San Marciano and the Roman
Nobility , such as Principe Guistinini, Ruspoli`s, Cesi`s, Gonzago`s,
Pamphili`s Corsini`s, Cybo`s and many others. Also from this connection
Being related to Many Popes from the 18th Century and beyond)
married a country girl by the name of Marianna Galea, whom as noted above
had such an interesting blood connection.
Giovanni was a splendid
Victorian eccentric. He would travel to Siggiewi at night arriving at
about 2am and demanded a haircut for his son for which he paid a gold
sovereign. An amicable and boisterous character, he was know to shoot wine
bottles with the approval of publicans while stopping on his night
He always paid the bill. He was the owner of the Roman
Villa and fought Count Strickland physically when it was acquisitioned in
the public interest (Strickland was first Secretary to the Government).
Sant Cassia bought Guarena Palace with the proceeds from the sale of
Mtarfa Bridge to the Government. Because of him, 1st class on the Malta
train was divided into 'OFFICIAL' or 'Otherwise'.
Francesco Sant Cassia became the 11th Baron di Ghariexem e Tabia, and 6th
Count (1899-1947) and married firstly in 1910 to Mary
Manduca-Piscopo-Macedonia dei Conti MontAlto and sired three daughters.
Mary died several years after their marriage.
married Mary`s sister, Concetta in 1915 and sired five sons and four
He was only 13 years old when he inherited his father.
He was brought up by the Baroness di Djar-il-Bniet e Buqana.
entetained King George V to lunch at St Paul's Bay. He was one of the
first Maltese owners-drivers of a car and he even owned a bus to carry all
of his twelve children in.
He left the island for Australia and
returned. It was Francesco who sold the Casa Rocco Piccola to Antonio
Cassar-Torreggiani O.B.E in 1918.
Francesco died after World
War Two, in 1947 and was succeeded by his son Francis Sant Cassia as 12th
Baron and 7th Count (1920-91)
Francis served with the Royal
Malta Artillery as Captain , and was President of the Committee of the
Maltese Nobility from 1984 till the Late 80s.
Committee of Privileges ratified the act of nomination inter vivos by
which Nicholas de Piro who succeeded his father as Marquis de Piro, others
quickly became attracted to the idea!.
After all, "what is sauce
for the goose is sauce for the gander"!
Thus, on 19th.
December 1984 (15 months after the de Piro incident), Francis Sant Cassia,
7th. Count Sant and 12th. Baron of Ghariexem and Tabia, who was now
himself President of the Committee of Privileges, renounced his title of
Count Sant and nominated (inter vivos), his son John to succeed
The Committee of Privileges could hardly fail to ratify
this act of nomination inter vivos by its own
After all it had done the same a few months
earlier for his predecessor, Baron Jerome de Piro d`Amico Inguanez.
Thus in March 1985, the Committee most obligingly
ratified this act of nomination inter vivos despite the fact that
a. the title of Count Sant was (is) not disposable by
nomination; it was granted by Empress Maria Teresa of Austria in her
Kingdom and provinces of Italy with remainder to the male descendants in
order of primogeniture
b. even if it
were disposable by nomination, it most certainly could not be disposed of
by an act of nomination, inter vivos, lacking the Sovereign`s
Baron & Count Francis Sant Cassia died on 27th.
As seen above, even a straightforward
succession takes about one year, so
John Sant Cassia became a
de jure title-holder in 1989.
Thus, between 1984 and 1989, he
had no right to hold the title of Count Sant (see footnote
John Sant Cassia, who lives outside Malta, took no
part in any Committee elections; he did not serve on the Committee during
this time. He took no part in any decisions taken by that
However the Committee`s ratification of his father`s
nomination, did serve to consolidate the precedent set by the de Piro's
and quickly led on to yet another act of nomination inter vivos being
accepted by the Committee.
After his death in 1988 he was
succeeded by his son , John , who is the 8th and Present Count and the
13th and Present Baron and is a Company Director.
John`s heirs are
his sister to the Barony di Ghariexem e Tabia, and his Uncle to the Count
This bringing the end of the joint partnership of these two
See Genealogical tree......
"sives Gio Maria" Sant, married 1644 to Matteola Mifsud, with issue
Gio Maria Sant-See Below.
2. Gio Domenico Sant, Abitante of Naxaro, married 1677 to Imperia Attard
3. Rosa Sant, married 1686 to Salvatore Mifsud
4. Grazia Sant, married 1684 to Simone Sceberras
Maria Sant, Abitante of Valletta, married 1676 to Caterina
1. Gio Francesco Sant-See Below.
2. Evangelista Sant, married 1693 to Giovanni Xerri
Gio Francesco Sant, married in 1701 to
1. Salvatore Baldassare Sant, 1st Count-
2. Aloisea Sant, (1708-75), married 1733 to Giorgio
Fournier, 1st Count Fournier, 1st Barone de Pausier, with issue. -See
Fournier, and de Pausier.
3. Modesta Sant, (1702-67), 'nun', dunm.
4. Giovanna Rosa Sant, (1704-28), dunm.
5. Lorenza Sant, (1706-63), 'nun', dunm
6. Fra. Giuseppe Sant, (1713-), Canon, dunm.
7. Felice Sant, (1717-24), dunm.
Baldassare Sant, (1715-91) , Created Count Sant in 1770 at Vienna,
married in 1740 to Maria Antonia Ciantar-Gimbert.
1. Felice Sant, (1741-infant), dunm.
2. Rosalea Sant, (1742-43), infant, dunm.
3. Diane Sant, (1746-), married Firstly 1763 at Palermo, Sicily to Antonio
dei Conti Magro di Susa, (d.1775 at Rome), with issue. married
Secondly 1779 to Salvatore
Mallia-Tabone, 1st Marquis of Fiddien, with issue.
4. Gio Francesco Sant, 2nd Count-
5. Girolamo Sant, (1751-52), infant, dunm.
6. Agata Sant, (1752-54), infant, dunm.
7. Giuseppe Sant, (1755-59), infant
8. Marie Sant, (1758-), Married to the 3rd
Marquis of San Vincenzo Ferreri, with issue.
Francesco Sant,( 1748-..), 2nd Count Sant,
Married 1777 to Chiara
Bonici Platamone Cassia, (1757-1821), 7th Baroness of Ghariexem e Tabia, with
here to view the Barony of Ghariexem e Tabia
1. Luigi Sant Cassia, CMG., 8th Baron-
2. Rev. Publio Maria Sant, (1779-1864), Archbishop of Malta, dunm.
3. Baldassare Sant, (1789-1858), married 1811 to Luigia
Fournier, 3rd Baroness de Pausier, and Countess Fournier, with issue. -
title Fournier and de Pausier.
4. Giuseppe Sant, (1792-1877), married 1821 to Francesca
Barbaro dei Marchesi di San Giorgio, with issue.
4.1. Francesco Saverio Sant, (1882-90), married 1844 to Maria
Teresa dei Conti Manduca, with issue
4.1.1. Giuseppe dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1847-85), married 1867 to Agnese
Micallef, (Daughter of Sir Anthony Micallef, G.C.M.G, LL.D.), with
22.214.171.124. Salvino dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1878-1938), married 1906 to Stella
126.96.36.199. Luigi dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1881-1938), married 1908 to Giovanna
Maempel, with issue
188.8.131.52.1. Giuseppe dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1909-58), married 1936 to Maud
Cassar Torreggiani, with issue
184.108.40.206.1.1. Chev. John Mary dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1938-, married 1965 to Louisette
Bonici Mallia,(See Tabria), with issue
220.127.116.11.1.1.1. Peter dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1966-, married 1991 to Alexandra
Anne Apap Bologna dei Marchesi di Gnien is-Sultan
18.104.22.168.1.1.2. Nicholas dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1971-
22.214.171.124. Maria dei Conti Sant Manduca,(1870-1956), married Giovanni Bugeja
Caruana, with issue
126.96.36.199.1. Edward Vincent Bugeja Caruana, (1891-
188.8.131.52.2. Alfred Bugeja Caruana, (1892-
184.108.40.206.3. Josephine Bugeja Caruana, (1893-
4.1.2. Marianna dei Conti Sant Manduca, married 1872 to Paolo Giorgio Falzon,
220.127.116.11. Alfred Falzon Sant Manduca, (1878- , married 1900 to Beatrice
Gatt, with issue
18.104.22.168.1. Victor Falzon Sant Manduca, (1908-
22.214.171.124.2. Major Albert Falzon Sant Manduca (..., married Mary
dei Marchesi Cassar Desain, -See
Cassar-Desain and Tabria.
126.96.36.199.2. Maria Falzon Sant Manduca, (1903-
188.8.131.52.3. Elena Falzon Sant Manduca, (1904-
184.108.40.206. Maria Dolores Falzon Sant Manduca, (1875-, married 1905 to Count
Charles Zimmermann Barbaro, with issue, (See Zimmermann-Foreign
4.2. Luigi Sant (1824-66), married Maria
Aloisea dei Marchesi Barbaro, with issue
4.2.1. Carmela Sant Barbaro (1861-, married 1897 to Temistocle
Bruno Olivier, with issue
4.3. Chiara Sant (1828-89), married 1861 to Ramiro
dei Marchesi Barbaro, with issue
4.4. Carmela Sant, (1830-, married 1861 to Arturo
dei Marchesi Barbaro, with issue
Sant Cassia, C.M.G, (1778-1867), 8th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 3rd Count Sant,
Married 1805 to Angela
dei marchesi Testaferrata Olivier, with issue.
1. Gio Francesco Sant Cassia, 9th Baron-See Below.
Francesco Sant Cassia, (1806-87), 9th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 4th Count Sant,
Married 1830 to Giovanna
Rosa Apap Bologna dei Marchesi di Gnien-is-Sultan, with issue.
1. Giovanni Sant Cassia, 10th Baron-
2. Carmelo Sant Cassia (1855-, married Susanna
Gauci, with issue
2.1. Giuseppe Amodeo Sant Cassia, (1885-, married Giuseppina
Fenech, with issue
2.1.1. Henry Sant Cassia, (1917-, married 1943 to Anna
de Piro Gourgion, with issue
220.127.116.11. Dr Louis Sant Cassia M.D.., (1946-, married 1974 to Antoinette Ferro,
18.104.22.168.1. Henri Sant Cassia, (1977-
22.214.171.124.2. Emma Sant Cassia, (1980-
126.96.36.199. Maria Susanne Sant Cassia, (1949-, married 1973 to Dr
Noel Arrigo LL.D, Former Chief Justice of Malta, (r 2002-) , with
188.8.131.52.1. Edward Arrigo, (1975-
184.108.40.206.2. Alexander Arrigo, (1976-
220.127.116.11.3. Joseph Arrigo, (1979-
18.104.22.168.4. Francesca Maria Arrigo, (1983-
2.1.2. Anthony Sant Cassia, (1919-1999), married 1967 to Mary
Rose dei Conti Manduca, and dsp..
2.1.3. Dr Mario Sant Cassia, M.D, (1924-, married 1953 to Melina
Boffa, with issue
22.214.171.124. Dr Paul Sant Cassia, M.A, Ph.D, (1954-
126.96.36.199. Peter Sant Cassia, (1961-, married Graziella Debono, with issue.
188.8.131.52.1. Simone Peter Sant Cassia, (1990-.
184.108.40.206.2. Mark Anthony Sant Cassia, (1993-.
220.127.116.11. Dr Suzanne Sant Cassia, LL.D, (1956-, married Dr. Mario Felice LLD,
18.104.22.168.1. Maria Felice.
22.214.171.124.2. Chiara Felice.
126.96.36.199. Joanne Sant Cassia, (1965-, married Joseph Debono, with issue.
188.8.131.52.1. Andrea Debono, (1990-.
184.108.40.206.2. Christian Debono.
3. Susanna Sant Cassia,' Nun', dunm.
4. Maria Sant Cassia, (1853-, married Gaetano
Gauci Tramblett, with issue
4.1. Emma Gauci Tramblet, married Gio
Pio de Piro Gourgion, with issue
4.1.1. Dr Alessandro de Piro Gourgion, LL.D, (1917-
4.1.2. Anna de Piro Gourgion, married 1943 to Henry Sant Cassia, (See Above)
Sant Cassia, (1849-1903), 10th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 5th Count Sant,
Married 1883 to Maria Anne Galea, (Formerly the House Servant from Gozo), with
1. Francis Sant Cassia, 11th Baron-
2. Beatrice Sant Cassia, (1885-, married 1907 to Capt. Charles Fowler Wyncoll,
R.E, with issue
2.1. Elizabeth Fowler Wyncoll, (1908-39), dunm
2.2. Margaret Fowler Wyncoll, (1929-
3. Mary Sant Cassia, (1888-, married 1910 to Tancred Curmi, Esq.re, with issue
3.1. Lt-Col. George Tancred Curmi OBE. 'Ambassador to the European Community',
(1911-78), married Helen
Cassar Torreggiani, with issue
3.1.1. John Curmi, (1946-, married 1974 to Sheila Whish, with issue
220.127.116.11. Mathew Curmi
18.104.22.168. Serena Curmi
3.2. Kathleen Curmi, (1913-
3.3. Margaret Curmi, (1916-
Sant Cassia, (1889-1947), 11th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 6th Count Sant,
Married Firstly 1910 to Mary
Manduca dei Conti di Mont'Alto, with issue.
Married Secondly in 1915 to Concettina
Manduca dei Conti di Mont'Alto, with further issue.
1. (First Marriage) Victoria Sant Cassia, (1910-75), married 1942 to Carmelo
Camilleri, with issue.
1.1. Mary Camilleri, (1943-, married 1970 to Carmelo Gatt, with issue
1.1.1. John Gatt, (1972-
1.1.2. Jessica Gatt, (1974-
2. (First Marriage) Mary Elisabeth Sant Cassia, (1911-) , married 1952 to Capt.
John Zawadzki, with issue.
2.1. Alfred Francis Zawadzki, (1953-
3. (First Marriage) Maud Sant Cassia, (1912-) , married 1961 to Peter Sydorenko.
4. (Second Marriage) John Sant Cassia, (1919-38), Baronicino di Ghariexem e
Tabia, Contino Sant, dunm.
5.(Second Marriage) Francis Sant Cassia, 12th Baron-
6.(Second Marriage) Philip Sant Cassia, (1921-, married 1948 to Mabel
Pace Bonello, with issue.
6.1. Francis Sant Cassia,(1949-, married Karen Smith, with issue.
6.1.1. Sean Sant Cassia, (1979-
6.1.2. Russell Sant Cassia, (1981-
6.2. Anne Sant Cassia, (1950-, Married to N.N. Morris with issue
6.2.1. Joanna Morris, (1974-, with issue
6.2.2. Darren Morris, (1978-
6.3. Stephen Sant Cassia, (1954-. Dept of Births, Deaths and Marriages, Malta.
Birth Certificate No: 0665630. Married to Denise Lovegrove, with issue.
6.3.1. Ryan Sant Cassia, (1991-
6.3.2. Miles Sant Cassia, (1993-
6.4. Joanna Sant Cassia, (1952-. ,married (1) NN, Married (2) 2003 to Edward
Wilson., with issue.
7. (Second Marriage) Anthony Sant Cassia, (1922-, married Brenda Cameron, with
7.1. Susan Sant Cassia, married Calum Meadows, with issue
7.1.1. James Cameron Meadows, (24.09.1985-
7.1.2. Dominic Calum Meadows, (18.07.1987-
8. (Second Marriage) Bernard John Sant Cassia, (1928-85), dunm.
9. (Second Marriage) Norah Sant Cassia, (1916-), married 1957 to James William
Marsh-May, (Died 1974) and dsp.
10.(Second Marriage) Carmelina Sant Cassia, (1917- 2004), dunm.
11. (Second Marriage) Josephine Sant Cassia, (1924-, Married 1950 to Antoine
Cachia Caruana, with issue.
12. (Second Marriage) Yvonne Sant Cassia, (1925-
Sant Cassia, (1920-88), 12th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 7th Count Sant,
Married 1958 to Jennifer Dowden, with issue
1. John Sant Cassia (1956- , Acknowledged
by the C.O.P as the 8th Count Sant and 13th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia.
2. Chiara Sant Cassia, (1957- , Married to N.N. Damiant, with issue.
2.1. Myles Damiant
corrections are welcome....
1) Gauci,C.A.," The
Genealogy and Heraldry of the Noble Families of Malta", Gulf Publishing
Ltd, Malta, 1981.
2) Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy and Heraldry of the
Noble Families of Malta, Volume Two", Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG)
3) Gauci,C.A and Mallet, P.,"The Palaeologos Family- A
Genealogical Review" ,Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd, 1985
Gauci, C.A.," A Guide to the Maltese Nobility", Publishers Enterprise
Group (PEG) Ltd, Malta, 1986.
5) Montalto, J., "The Nobles of
Malta-1530-1800", Midsea Books Ltd, Malta, 1980.
6) De Piro, N., "Casa
Rocco Piccola", The Conde' Nast Publications 1999.' Http://www.vol.net.mt/casarocca '
7) Giles Ash, S., "The Nobility of
Malta", Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd, 1988.
8) Unpublished material by Sant Fournier
9) Said Vassallo,
C.M., Unpublished research papers.
10) Said Vassallo, C.M., www.maltagenealogy.com
tree and Research site