Title in succession: 8th
Date created: 1770
Grant: Maria Theresia , Empress of Austria,
Queen of the Kingdoms in Italy
and by the Vatican as Papal Palatine Count.
Grant by: Maria Theresa Empress of Austria and
all her Kingdoms and the Pope.
Granted To: Salvatore Baldassare
Rep: Sant (Jurat of Notabile)
Remainder to: his male descendants in order of
Present Holder: J.A Sant Cassia (this title was never
registered with the Committee of Privileges)
Sant Fournier Count Palatine Sant (Senior Line) Sant Manduca Count
Palatine Sant (Senior Line) Sant Cassia Count
Palatine Sant and Sant Barbaro (Extinct)
Other related titles: Gheriexem and Tabia
Further notes: Count
A modern creation into Nobility , the Family of
Sant were ennobled in Vienna in 1770 by Maria Theresia , Empress
of Austria, Queen of the Kingdoms in Italy, with the remainder
to his male descendants in order of Primogeniture.
Salvatore Baldassare Sant , Nobilis melitensis was created a
Count by Maria Theresia, Empress of Austria, and Queen of
Hungary and Bohemia-in recognition of the 'heroic deeds of his
ancestors' who has occupied many important offices and had also
accompanied King Ferdinand I and Emperor Charles V in naval
expeditions against the African corsairs and the Ottoman
invaders. This grantee was, however, requested by the Empress to
purchase a fief in Lombardy, and to pay the dues of 3000 florins
to the crown for his title.
Salvatore Baldassare Sant, a Jurat of Notabile . His Family can
trace their Ancestors back to a Bertu Sant in the Late 16th
Century. They herald from Naxxar, Malta about the 16th century,
but was given land by his father.
The title of Conte Palatine Sant created in 2nd
August 1769 by Pope Clement XIV, and confirmed on 13th November
1769 and to be inherited by male to male
descendants, acknowledged by the Cardinal Negrone.
The Barons Pisani and Galea-Feriol, Marquis Testaferrata and
Count Sant were the first titled Jurats ever to serve together
Salvatore had married to a Maria Antonia Ciantar-Gimbert (a
descendant of the Sceberras , de Guevara, Spanish Nobility, and
King Henry II of Castile (r1366-79).
Two of their Children married into the Maltese Nobility (3rd
Marquis di San Vincenzo Ferreri , 1st Marquis di Fiddien and a
dei Conti Magro di Susa )
The 2nd Count Sant, Gio Francesco Sant married into Nobility in
the year 1777, to Chiara Bonici-Platamone-Cassia, 7th Baroness
di Ghariexem e Tabia. (see House of Cassia History), and sired
One of them , Rev Publio Maria Sant became the Archbishop of
Another son married an heiress (Countess Fournier) and adding to
their name Fournier, (see Fournier for full details of the
The younger son of the 2nd Count married to a daughter of the
Marquis di San Giorgio and their descendants uses the surnames
of Sant-Manduca, or Sant-Barbaro. (Note: The descendants of
Sant-Manduca are from this connection)
Gio' Francesco Sant, 2nd Count was born 1748 and purchased large
amount of property in Valletta, such as Casa Rocca Grande, Casa
Rocco Piccola, Palazzo Messina, and Palazzo Marina. An astute
businessman and a survivor, he led the Maltese aristocracy in
the burning of their patents of nobility during the French
occupation. Three of his sons were selected for education in
France, but manage to buy them out. He was inside Valletta
during the seige. Sant had been a Capitano della Verga under the
Order, then a Lord Lieutenant under Sir Alexander Ball to whom
he would eventually present the sword of Honour.
Gio Francesco Sant was succeeded by his eldest son , Luigi
Luigi Sant Cassia, became 3rd Count Sant and 8th Baron di
Ghariexem e Tabia
He too continued the newly established tradition of marrying
into the nobility.
Luigi married in 1805 to Angela dei Marchesi
Testaferrata-Olivier (also a noble family).
Luigi was made a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St
George for his service to the British in Malta.
He was the first in his line to use the name of 'Sant-Cassia'.
He was renowned for his wealth, but his reputation was
exaggerated. He quarreled with his father who left much of the
family wealth to his other sons, and keep a chapel in the
Palazzo Rocco Grande.
Under the French occupation, the parents had to pay 800 livres
for their sons' board and lodging, and 600 livres for their
passage on board French warships. The chosen students had to
wear 'blue trousers and waistcoats, red cuffs, and facing and
white pipings'. Those families who refused to send their sons to
France were to be fined 1000 scudi. Among those who were
initially chosen were the young Count Fontani, the three sons of
Count Sant, and four other boys whose fathers were respectively
Baron Galea, Marquis Mallia, Count Manduca, and Marquis
Luigi , died in 1867 and was briefly succeeded by his son Gio
Francesco Sant Cassia (1806-78) as 4th Count Sant and 9th Baron
di Ghariexem e Tabia, married in 1830 to a Giovanni Rosa
Apap-Bologna dei Marchesi di Gnien-Is-Sultan.
He had an unhappy marriage, and his wife Giovanna Rosa left him
and 'escaped' to Floriana.
Gio Francesco Led an unusual life, extra marital affairs in his
life with both sexes. Though he is remembered as the hero of the
poor (especially in the country and around his properties) and
traveled to Europe regularly.
Gio Francesco , died in 1878, and succeeded by his son, Giovanni
Giovanni Sant Cassia married in 1883 to a Maria Anna Galea (a
Descendant of the Barons of San Marciano and the Roman Nobility
, such as Principe Guistinini, Ruspoli’s, Cesi’s, Gonzago’s,
Pamphili’s Corsini’s, Cybo’s and many others. Also from this
connection Being related to Many Popes from the 18th Century and
He married a country girl by the name of Marianna Galea, whom as
noted above had such an interesting blood connection.
Giovanni was a splendid Victorian eccentric. He would travel to
Siggiewi at night arriving at about 2am and demanded a haircut
for his son for which he paid a gold sovereign. An amicable and
boisterous character, he was know to shoot wine bottles with the
approval of publicans while stopping on his night rides.
He always paid the bill. He was the owner of the Roman Villa and
fought Count Strickland physically when it was acquisitioned in
the public interest (Strickland was first Secretary to the
Government). Sant Cassia bought Guarena Palace with the proceeds
from the sale of Mtarfa Bridge to the Government. Because of
him, 1st class on the Malta train was divided into 'OFFICIAL' or
His son, Francesco Sant Cassia became the 11th Baron di
Ghariexem e Tabia, and 6th Count (1899-1947) and married firstly
in 1910 to Mary Manduca-Piscopo-Macedonia dei Conti MontAlto and
sired three daughters. Mary died several years after their
Francesco married Mary’s sister, Concetta in 1915 and sired five
sons and four Daughters.
He was only 13 years old when he inherited his father. He was
brought up by the Baroness di Djar-il-Bniet e Buqana.
He entetained King George V to lunch at St Paul's Bay. He was
one of the first Maltese owners-drivers of a car and he even
owned a bus to carry all of his twelve children in.
He left the island for Australia and returned. It was Francesco
who sold the Casa Rocco Piccola to Antonio Cassar-Torreggiani
O.B.E in 1918.
Francesco died after World War Two, in 1947 and was succeeded by
his son Francis Sant Cassia as 12th Baron and 7th Count
Francis served with the Royal Malta Artillery as Captain , and
was President of the Committee of the Maltese Nobility from 1984
till the Late 80s.
Once the Committee of Privileges ratified the act of nomination
inter vivos by which Nicholas de Piro who succeeded his father
as Marquis de Piro, others quickly became attracted to the
After all, ‘what is sauce for the goose is sauce for the
Thus, on 19th. December 1984 (15 months after the de Piro
incident), Francis Sant Cassia, 7th. Count Sant and 12th. Baron
of Ghariexem and Tabia, who was now himself President of the
Committee of Privileges, renounced his title of Count Sant and
nominated (inter vivos), his son John to succeed him.
The Committee of Privileges could hardly fail to ratify this act
of nomination inter vivos by its own President.
After all it had done the same a few months earlier for his
predecessor, Baron Jerome de Piro d’Amico Inguanez.
Thus in March 1985, the Committee most obligingly ratified this
act of nomination inter vivos despite the fact that FACT:
a. the title of Count Sant was (is) not disposable by
nomination; it was granted by Empress Maria Teresa of Austria in
her Kingdom and provinces of Italy with remainder to the male
descendants in order of primogeniture
b. even if it were disposable by nomination, it most certainly
could not be disposed of by an act of nomination, inter vivos,
lacking the Sovereign’s assent.
Baron & Count Francis Sant Cassia died on 27th. October
As seen above, even a straightforward succession takes about one
John Sant Cassia became a de jure title-holder in 1989.
Thus, between 1984 and 1989, he had no right to hold the title
of Count Sant (see footnote below).
John Sant Cassia, who lives outside Malta, took no part in any
Committee elections; he did not serve on the Committee during
this time. He took no part in any decisions taken by that
However the Committee’s ratification of his father’s nomination,
did serve to consolidate the precedent set by the de Piro's and
quickly led on to yet another act of nomination inter vivos
being accepted by the Committee.
After his death in 1988 he was succeeded by his son , John , who
is the (presumed 8th Count and) 13th and Present Baron, a
John’s heirs are his sister to the Barony di Ghariexem e Tabia,
and his Uncle to the Count Sant.
Another note, the Sant Title is a Papal Palentine
title, of which the title Count is also allowed to every family
Sant Fournier (Senior Line)
Sant Manduca (Senior Line) Sant Cassia (Senior Line)
See Genealogical tree......
Gio Maria" Sant, married 1644 to Matteola Mifsud, with
Maria Sant-See Below.
2. Gio Domenico Sant, Abitante of Naxaro, married 1677 to
3. Rosa Sant, married 1686 to Salvatore Mifsud
4. Grazia Sant, married 1684 to Simone Sceberras
Sant, Abitante of Valletta, married 1676 to Caterina
1. Gio Francesco Sant-See Below.
2. Evangelista Sant, married 1693 to Giovanni Xerri
Francesco Sant, married in 1701 to Diane
1. Salvatore Baldassare Sant, 1st Count Sant and Count
2. Aloisea Sant, (1708-75), married 1733 to Giorgio
1st Count Fournier, 1st Barone de Pausier, with issue. -
Fournier, and de Pausier.
3. Modesta Sant, (1702-67), 'nun', dunm.
4. Giovanna Rosa Sant, (1704-28), dunm.
5. Lorenza Sant, (1706-63), 'nun', dunm
6. Fra. Giuseppe Sant, (1713-), Canon, dunm.
7. Felice Sant, (1717-24), dunm.
Sant, (1715-91) , Created Count Sant in 1770 at
Vienna, and Count Palatine Sant 1769, married in 1740 to
Maria Antonia Ciantar-Gimbert.
1. Felice Sant, (1741-infant), dunm.
2. Rosalea Sant, (1742-43), infant, dunm.
3. Diane Sant, (1746-), married Firstly 1763 at Palermo,
Sicily to Antonio dei Conti
Magro di Susa, (d.1775 at Rome), with issue.
married Secondly 1779 to Salvatore
Mallia-Tabone, 1st Marquis of Fiddien, with issue.
4. Gio Francesco Sant, 2nd Count-
5. Girolamo Sant, (1751-52), infant, dunm.
6. Agata Sant, (1752-54), infant, dunm.
7. Giuseppe Sant, (1755-59), infant
8. Marie Sant, (1758-), Married to the 3rd
of San Vincenzo Ferreri, with issue.
Sant,( 1748-..), 2nd Count Sant,
Married 1777 to Chiara
Bonici Platamone Cassia, (1757-1821), 7th Baroness of
Ghariexem e Tabia, with issue.
to view the Barony of Ghariexem e Tabia
1. Luigi Sant Cassia, CMG., 8th Baron-
2. Rev. Publio Maria Sant, (1779-1864), Archbishop of Malta,
3. Baldassare Sant, (1789-1858), Count
Palatine Sant, married 1811 to Luigia
3rd Baroness de Pausier, Countess Fournier, with issue.-
Fournier and de Pausier.
4. Giuseppe Sant, (1792-1877), married 1821 to Francesca
dei Marchesi di San Giorgio, with issue.
4.1. Francesco Saverio Sant, (1882-90), married 1844 to Maria
dei Conti Manduca, with issue
4.1.1. Giuseppe dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1847-85), married
1867 to Agnese Micallef,
(Daughter of Sir Anthony Micallef, G.C.M.G, LL.D.),
18.104.22.168. Salvino dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1878-1938),
married 1906 to Stella Camilleri, dsp.
22.214.171.124. Luigi dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1881-1938), married
1908 to Giovanna Maempel, with issue
126.96.36.199.1. Giuseppe dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1909-58),
married 1936 to Maud Cassar
Torreggiani, with issue
188.8.131.52.1.1. Chev. John Mary dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1938-,
married 1965 to Louisette
Mallia,(See Tabria), with issue
184.108.40.206.1.1.1. Peter dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1966-, married
1991 to Alexandra Anne Apap
Bologna dei Marchesi di Gnien is-Sultan
220.127.116.11.1.1.2. Nicholas dei Conti Sant Manduca, (1971-
18.104.22.168. Maria dei Conti Sant Manduca,(1870-1956), married
Giovanni Bugeja Caruana, with issue
22.214.171.124.1. Edward Vincent Bugeja Caruana, (1891-
126.96.36.199.2. Alfred Bugeja Caruana, (1892-
188.8.131.52.3. Josephine Bugeja Caruana, (1893-
4.1.2. Marianna dei Conti Sant Manduca, married 1872 to
Paolo Giorgio Falzon, with issue
184.108.40.206. Alfred Falzon Sant Manduca, (1878- , married 1900
to Beatrice Gatt,
220.127.116.11.1. Victor Falzon Sant Manduca, (1908-
18.104.22.168.2. Major Albert Falzon Sant Manduca (..., married Mary
Marchesi Cassar Desain, -See
22.214.171.124.2. Maria Falzon Sant Manduca, (1903-
126.96.36.199.3. Elena Falzon Sant Manduca, (1904-
188.8.131.52. Maria Dolores Falzon Sant Manduca, (1875-, married
1905 to Count Charles
Zimmermann Barbaro, with issue, (See
4.2. Luigi Sant (1824-66), married Maria
dei Marchesi Barbaro, with issue
4.2.1. Carmela Sant Barbaro (1861-, married 1897 to Temistocle
Olivier, with issue
4.3. Chiara Sant (1828-89), married 1861 to Ramiro
Marchesi Barbaro, with issue
4.4. Carmela Sant, (1830-, married 1861 to Arturo
Marchesi Barbaro, with issue
Cassia, C.M.G, (1778-1867), 8th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia,
3rd Count Sant,
Married 1805 to Angela dei
marchesi Testaferrata Olivier, with issue.
1. Gio Francesco Sant Cassia, 9th Baron-See Below.
Sant Cassia, (1806-87), 9th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 4th
Married 1830 to Giovanna
Rosa Apap Bologna dei Marchesi di Gnien-is-Sultan,
1. Giovanni Sant Cassia, 10th Baron-
2. Carmelo Sant Cassia (1855-, married Susanna
Gauci, with issue
2.1. Giuseppe Amodeo Sant Cassia, (1885-, married Giuseppina
Fenech, with issue
2.1.1. Henry Sant Cassia, (1917-, married 1943 to Anna
Piro Gourgion, with issue
184.108.40.206. Dr Louis Sant Cassia M.D.., (1946-, married 1974 to
Antoinette Ferro, with issue
220.127.116.11.1. Henri Sant Cassia, (1977-
18.104.22.168.2. Emma Sant Cassia, (1980-
22.214.171.124. Maria Susanne Sant Cassia, (1949-, married 1973 to
Dr Noel Arrigo LL.D, Former
Chief Justice of Malta, (r 2002-) , with issue
126.96.36.199.1. Edward Arrigo, (1975-
188.8.131.52.2. Alexander Arrigo, (1976-
184.108.40.206.3. Joseph Arrigo, (1979-
220.127.116.11.4. Francesca Maria Arrigo, (1983-
2.1.2. Anthony Sant Cassia, (1919-1999), married 1967 to Mary
dei Conti Manduca, and dsp..
2.1.3. Dr Mario Sant Cassia, M.D, (1924-, married 1953 to Melina
Boffa, with issue
18.104.22.168. Dr Paul Sant Cassia, M.A, Ph.D, (1954-
22.214.171.124. Peter Sant Cassia, (1961-, married Graziella
Debono, with issue.
126.96.36.199.1. Simone Peter Sant Cassia, (1990-.
188.8.131.52.2. Mark Anthony Sant Cassia, (1993-.
184.108.40.206. Dr Suzanne Sant Cassia, LL.D, (1956-, married Dr.
Mario Felice LLD, with issue.
220.127.116.11.1. Maria Felice.
18.104.22.168.2. Chiara Felice.
22.214.171.124. Joanne Sant Cassia, (1965-, married Joseph Debono,
126.96.36.199.1. Andrea Debono, (1990-.
188.8.131.52.2. Christian Debono.
3. Susanna Sant Cassia,' Nun', dunm.
4. Maria Sant Cassia, (1853-, married Gaetano
Tramblett, with issue
4.1. Emma Gauci Tramblet, married Gio
de Piro Gourgion, with issue
4.1.1. Dr Alessandro de Piro Gourgion, LL.D, (1917-
4.1.2. Anna de Piro Gourgion, married 1943 to Henry Sant
Cassia, (See Above)
Cassia, (1849-1903), 10th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 5th
Married 1883 to Maria Anne Galea, (Formerly the House
Servant from Gozo), with issue.
1. Francis Sant Cassia, 11th Baron-
2. Beatrice Sant Cassia, (1885-, married 1907 to Capt.
Charles Fowler Wyncoll, R.E, with issue
2.1. Elizabeth Fowler Wyncoll, (1908-39), dunm
2.2. Margaret Fowler Wyncoll, (1929-
3. Mary Sant Cassia, (1888-, married 1910 to Tancred Curmi,
Esq.re, with issue
3.1. Lt-Col. George Tancred Curmi OBE. 'Ambassador to the
European Community', (1911-78), married Helen
Cassar Torreggiani, with issue
3.1.1. John Curmi, (1946-, married 1974 to Sheila Whish,
184.108.40.206. Mathew Curmi
220.127.116.11. Serena Curmi
3.2. Kathleen Curmi, (1913-
3.3. Margaret Curmi, (1916-
Cassia, (1889-1947), 11th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 6th
Married Firstly 1910 to Mary
dei Conti di Mont'Alto, with issue.
Married Secondly in 1915 to Concettina
dei Conti di Mont'Alto, with further issue.
1. (First Marriage) Victoria Sant Cassia, (1910-75), married
1942 to Carmelo Camilleri, with issue.
1.1. Mary Camilleri, (1943-, married 1970 to Carmelo Gatt,
1.1.1. John Gatt, (1972-
1.1.2. Jessica Gatt, (1974-
2. (First Marriage) Mary Elisabeth Sant Cassia, (1911-) ,
married 1952 to Capt. John Zawadzki, with issue.
2.1. Alfred Francis Zawadzki, (1953-
3. (First Marriage) Maud Sant Cassia, (1912-) , married 1961
to Peter Sydorenko.
4. (Second Marriage) John Sant Cassia, (1919-38), Baronicino
di Ghariexem e Tabia, Contino Sant, dunm.
5.(Second Marriage) Francis Sant Cassia, 12th Baron-
6.(Second Marriage) Philip Sant Cassia, (1921-, married 1948
to Mabel Pace Bonello,
6.1. Francis Sant Cassia,(1949-, married Karen Smith, with
6.1.1. Sean Sant Cassia, (1979-
6.1.2. Russell Sant Cassia, (1981-
6.2. Anne Sant Cassia, (1950-, Married to N.N. Morris with
6.2.1. Joanna Morris, (1974-, with issue
6.2.2. Darren Morris, (1978-
6.3. Stephen Sant Cassia, (1954-. Dept of Births, Deaths and
Marriages, Malta. Birth Certificate No: 0665630. Married to
Denise Lovegrove, with issue.
6.3.1. Ryan Sant Cassia, (1991-
6.3.2. Miles Sant Cassia, (1993-
6.4. Joanna Sant Cassia, (1952-. ,married (1) NN, Married
(2) 2003 to Edward Wilson., with issue.
7. (Second Marriage) Anthony Sant Cassia, (1922-, married
Brenda Cameron, with issue.
7.1. Susan Sant Cassia, married Calum Meadows, with issue
7.1.1. James Cameron Meadows, (24.09.1985-
7.1.2. Dominic Calum Meadows, (18.07.1987-
8. (Second Marriage) Bernard John Sant Cassia, (1928-85),
9. (Second Marriage) Norah Sant Cassia, (1916-), married
1957 to James William Marsh-May, (Died 1974) and dsp.
10.(Second Marriage) Carmelina Sant Cassia, (1917- 2004),
11. (Second Marriage) Josephine Sant Cassia, (1924-, Married
1950 to Antoine Cachia Caruana, with issue.
12. (Second Marriage) Yvonne Sant Cassia, (1925-
Cassia, (1920-88), 12th Baron of Ghariexem e Tabia, 7th
Married 1958 to Jennifer Dowden, with issue
1. John Sant Cassia (1956- , Acknowledged
the C.O.P as the 8th Count Sant and 13th Baron of
Ghariexem e Tabia.
2. Chiara Sant Cassia, (1957- , Married to N.N. Damiant,
2.1. Myles Damiant
1) Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy and Heraldry of the Noble Families
of Malta", Gulf Publishing Ltd, Malta, 1981.
2) Gauci,C.A.," The Genealogy and Heraldry of the Noble Families
of Malta, Volume Two", Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd,
3) Gauci,C.A and Mallet, P.,"The Palaeologos Family- A
Genealogical Review" ,Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd,
4) Gauci, C.A.," A Guide to the Maltese Nobility", Publishers
Enterprise Group (PEG) Ltd, Malta, 1986.
5) Montalto, J., "The Nobles of Malta-1530-1800", Midsea Books
Ltd, Malta, 1980.
6) De Piro, N., "Casa Rocco Piccola", The Conde' Nast
Publications 1999.' Http://www.vol.net.mt/casarocca '
7) Giles Ash, S., "The Nobility of Malta", Publishers
Enterprises Group (PEG) Ltd, 1988.
8) Unpublished material by Sant Fournier
9) Said Vassallo, C.M., Unpublished research papers.
10) Said Vassallo, C.M., www.maltagenealogy.com
genealogical tree and Research site